May 24, 2023

Lahore City Profile by Directory Pakistan.


Introduction to City:

Lahore is the city of wonders with a rich history of over a millennium. Lahore the 2nd largest city of Pakistan and is capital of province Punjab. Lahore is referred to as cultural heart of Pakistan as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, music, film-making, gardening and intelligentsia of the country.

All major monuments, buildings, Havelis and gardens of Lahore are of Moughal period, during which Lahore touched its glory. The only contribution of Sikh period is Ranjit Singh Smadh. British ignored the walled city of Lahore and created a new Lahore on its southern side. This includes, The Mall, Civil lines and Cantonment. They constructed several buildings with an architecture blended with Muslim and Gothic motive. The walled city of Lahore, the original seat of political authority and cultural traditions is one of the most colorful cities of the region. A few like Isfhan and Dehli match a little to its excellence. The walled city has pages of history imprinted on its buildings, monuments, mosques and maize like network of streets. Colourful cultural life has shades of almost every ruling elite and generation like music, food, dance, political awareness, religious sentiments and poetic flair of common people.

The historic city of Lahore has been the centre of influence in the region for centuries. As the provincial capital of Punjab – Pakistan’s most populous province,it maintains its importance. In recent years, the Lahore District has seen a swathe of infrastructural development projects, including a modern mass-transit system and an efficient network of roads. Unfortunately, this urgency for improved infrastructure has not been seen in the district’s education system.

Geography of City:


Lahore is the capital of Pakistan’s largest province, Punjab; with a population exceeding 10 million, it is a megacity and ranked as the country’s second largest metropolis (after Karachi). Collectively, it is also the fifth largest city in South Asia and the 26th largest city in the world in terms of population. As a major urban centre of Pakistan, it was graded in 2008 as a city with high sufficiency to become a Gamma world city.


Lahore, Punjab has a subtropical steppe/ low-latitude semi-arid hot climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: BSh). Lahore is located on a subtropical thorn woodland and Deserts and xeric shrublands biome.

Lahore features a five-season semi-arid climate with five seasons: foggy winter with few western disturbances causing rain; pleasant spring (16 Feb – 15 April); summer (15 April – 30 June) with dust, rain storms and heat wave periods; rainy monsoon (1 July – 16 September); and dry autumn (16 September –14 November).

The hottest month is June, where average highs routinely exceed 40 °C (104.0 °F). The wettest month is July, with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms with the possibility of cloudbursts. The coolest month is January with dense fog.

The city’s record high temperature was 50.4 °C (122.7 °F), recorded on 5 June 2003.On 10 June 2007, a temperature of 48 °C (118 °F) was recorded; The lowest temperature recorded in Lahore is –2.2 °C, recorded on 17 January 1935.


                                              Climate data for Lahore (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.8
Average high °C (°F) 19.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.8
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
Record low °C (°F) −2.2
Average rainfall mm (inches) 34.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 218.8 215.0 245.8 276.6 308.3 269.0 227.5 234.9 265.6 290.0 259.6 222.9 3,034


Health Sector of Lahore:

Being one of the largest cities of Pakistan, Lahore meets all the requirements of a metropolitan area. While well-developed infrastructure, best schoolsadvanced education, and a salubrious climate remain as the presiding features, many tourist spotsbest places to eatswimming spots, Lahore also provide adequate modern healthcare facilities to its residents.

Lahore is home to some of the best healthcare institutes in the country. In this article, we bring you a concise yet informative list of private and government hospitals in Lahore. If you are looking for a good hospital with the latest medical technology and highly trained medical staff, give this list a read.

Hospitals in Lahore:

Shaukat Khanum Memorial Hospital

Fatima Memorial Hospital

Combined Medical Hospital

Bahria Town Hospital

Hameed Latif Hospital

Jinnah Hospital

Shaikh Zayed Hospital

Mayo Hospital, Lahore

Sir Ganga Ram Hospital

Doctors Hospital

Shalamar hospital

National Hospital & Medical Center

Masood Hospital

Surgimed Hospital Lahor

Importance of City:

Lahore Resolution:

The Lahore Resolution, also called Pakistan resolution, was written and prepared by Muhammad Zafarullah Khan and was presented by A. K. Fazlul Huq, the Prime Minister of Bengal, was a formal political statement adopted by the All-India Muslim League on the occasion of its three-day general session in Lahore on 22–24 March 1940.

Lahore Front:

The Battle of Lahore also referred to as the Lahore Front, constitutes a series of battles fought in and around the Pakistani city of Lahore during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.The battle ended in a victory for India, as it was able to thrust through and hold key choke points in Pakistan while having gained around 360 to 500 square kilometres of territory. Indian forces halted their assault on Lahore once they had captured the village of Burki on its outskirts.The rationale for this was that a ceasefire negotiated by the United States and the Soviet Union was to be signed soon, and had India captured Lahore, It would have most likely been returned to the process of ceasefire negotiations.

General Information:

Literacy rate: 64%

Number of school going children: 854,751

Schools have clean drinking water: 22%

Schools don’t have sperate toilets for girls: 65%

Children out of school 8.8% between age 5-9

Children out of school 26% between 14-16

37% of public schools in Punjab are in a satisfactory condition, while almost 14% can be categorized as dangerous.

With a growing population of over 9 million people, aggravated by constant rural-urban migration, the educational infrastructure in Lahore district is feeling the strain. The literacy rate of Lahore is 65%. Around 8.8% children in Lahore between the ages of 5-9 are out-school. This number rises drastically as children grow older – almost 26% of children between the ages of 14 and 16 are out of school. Every 7th child in district Lahore is out of school.

The condition of the existing public school infrastructure of the provincial capital leaves a lot to be desired and shows widespread neglect. Humqadam-SCRP’s baseline survey shows that less than 37% of public schools in Punjab are in a satisfactory condition, while almost 14% can be categorized as dangerous. Existing classrooms are overcrowded and cramped, with more than 60 students in a classroom, further exacerbated by the government’s enrolment drives to bring children into schools. This overcrowding is a major contributor to drop-out of students and an increasing reliance on substandard private schools. In addition to this, there is a host of missing facilities in public schools; only 22% of schools supply clean drinking water. Around 93% of Lahore’s public schools have hand-washing facilities. However, only 59% of these facilities can be deemed hygienic, with less than 69% having availability of a soap.Ancient names of the city were Laohur, Lauhure, Lahvar, Lahur. Lahore was founded in 1021 AD. Most important events in history of Lahore area

Landmarks of the City

A few prominent landmarks of the city are enlisted below:


Jahangir Tomb

Badshahi Masjid

Lahore Fort

Shalimar Garden


Jinnah Hall

Salient Features

District Statistics

Tehsils                               04

Union Councils                 44

Villages                             573

Total Area                         3587 sq. km

Road Network                  1312 sq. km

Municipal Committees     05

Livestock                          0.717 m

Major Occupations           Civil, Armed Services, Overseas and Farming

Literacy Rate                    73%


ICI Soda Ash                            01

Pakistan Tobacco Company     01

Cement                                     02

Mari Petroleum                         01

OGDCL                                    01

Brick Kilns                               80

Flour Mills                               16

Total                                         102

Important Personalities:

Bano Qudsia:

Bano Qudsia (November 28, 1928 – February 04, 2017), also known as Bano Aapa, was a Pakistani novelist, playwright and spiritualist. She wrote literature in Urdu, producing novels, drama plays and short stories. Qudsia is best recognized for her novel Raja Gidh. Qudsia also wrote for television and stage in both Urdu and Punjabi languages. Her play Aadhi Baat has been called a classic play. Bano Qudsia died in Lahore on February 04, 2017.

In 1983, Qudsia was awarded the Sitara-i-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) by the Government of Pakistan. In 1986, she received PTV Best Writer Award. In 2010, the Pakistani Government awarded her the Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Crescent of Excellence) for her services in literature.

Dr. Israr Ahmed

Israr Ahmad (April 26, 1932 – April 14, 2010) was a Pakistani Islamic theologian, philosopher, and Islamic scholar who was followed particularly in South Asia as well as by South Asian Muslims in the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America.

He was the founder of Tanzeem-e-Islami, an offshoot of the Jamaat-e-Islami. He wrote about sixty books about Islam and Pakistan. He criticized modern democracy and the prevalent electoral system and argued that the head of an Islamic state could reject the majority decisions of an elected assembly. Ahmad was awarded the Sitara-i-Imtiaz in 1981. He has authored over 60 books in Urdu on topics related to Islam and Pakistan, nine of which have been translated into English and other languages.

Roshaneh Zafar

Roshaneh Zafar is a Pakistani development activist, working in the field of women’s economic empowerment. She is the only Pakistani woman to have established country’s first specialized microfinance institution, the Kashf Foundation (1996), that works towards empowering women micro entrepreneurs. She also serves on the board of several prestigious institutions including Pakistan Medical Commission, Kinnaird College, Finca MicroFinance Bank, the Micro Insurance Network, the Pakistan Microfinance Network and Kaarvan Crafts.

Ms. Zafar’s contribution to the development field has been recognized internationally and nationally. In 2010, she won Vital Voices award for economic empowerment and in 2007 the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship. In 2005, she was awarded the Tamgha-i-Imtiaz, one of Pakistan’s highest civilian awards, by the President of Pakistan for her work to empower women from low-income households.

Places to Visit:

  • Cemeteries
  • Galleries and Museums
  • Gardens
  • Havelis
  • Mausoleum and Shrines
  • Monuments
  • Masajid
  • Sports Venues
  • Cemeteries
  • Miani Sahib Graveyard

The Miani Sahib Graveyard is the largest graveyard in the city of Lahore, located in the center of the city. Its origins date back to the Mughal era, making it one of the oldest graveyard in the region. Miani Sahib Graveyard occupies around 1,206 kanals (60 hectares, 149 acres) of land and has a capacity of approximately 300,000 graves. It is administered by the Miani Sahib Graveyard Committee (MSGC), which was formed on May 31, 1962.

The graveyard is currently facing an acute shortage of space for new burials. As of 2009, Government of the Punjab has started an anti-encroachment drive to restore the space occupied illegally. People of Lahore visit this graveyard to offer ‘fateha’ (a religious prayer) and lay flowers on the graves of their loved ones. In 2013, people of Lahore felt that the graveyard is being neglected for maintenance and needs some local government attention. Gravediggers at the cemetery routinely bury the bodies of the newly deceased in plots that go unvisited.

Gora Qabristan

The Gora Qabristan or Gora Cemetery in Lahore is the one of the oldest Christian cemetery in Lahore. It is located adjutant to Taxali Gate of Lahore alongside now dried up bed of Ravi River known as Old Ravi. It was developed after establishment of British Raj in the Punjab Region as their primary cemetery in Lahore. The name literally means the white graveyard. ‘Gora’ is an Urdu word and is used by Pakistanis to refer to light skinned or white people. Therefore, a more accurate translation would be “white people’s graveyard.” The term is not always necessarily used in a derogatory manner. ​

​Mausoleum and Shrines:

Tomb of Data Ali Hujwiri

Abu ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān b. ʿAlī al-Ghaznawī al-Jullābī al-Hujwīrī (c. 1009-1072/77), known as ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or al-Hujwīrī (also spelt Hajweri, Hajveri, or Hajvery) for short, or reverentially as Shaykh Syed ʿAlī al-Hujwīrī or as DātāGanj Bakhsh by Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, was an 11th Century Ghaznian-Persian sunni Muslim mystic, theologian, and preacher who became famous for composing the Kashf al-Maḥjūb (Unveiling of the Hidden), which is considered the “earliest formal treatise” on Sufism in Persian. Ali Hujwiri is believed to have contributed “significantly” to the spread of Islam in South Asia through his preaching, with one historian describing him as “one of the most important figures to have spread Islam in the Indian subcontinent.”

Tomb of Madho Lal Hussain

Shah Hussain was a 16th Century Punjabi Sufi poet who is regarded as a pioneer of the Kafi form of Punjabi poetry. Hussain’s love for a Hindu boy named “Madho” has resulted in them being referred to as a single person with the composite name of “Madho Lal Hussain”.

Shah Hussain is also often known as Shah Hussain Faqir – Faqir meaning Dervish (mendicant) and Shah means King. So due to his extremely humble Sufi personality, people called him The Dervish King, a person who was a King and a Dervish at the same time. He was son of Sayed Mohay-ud-Din Urf Qadir Sher) Shah Pur District Layyah Shah Hussain (Madhu Lal Hussain) is Kazmi Sayed but the family of Sayed Mohay-ud-Din is called Mashooq Allah Potra. His history is available in Deputy Commissioner Office MuzaffarGarh.

Bibi Pak Daman

Bibi Pak Daman is the mausoleum of Ruqayyah bint Ali located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Legend has it that it holds the graves of six ladies from Muhammad’s household (Ahl Al-Bayt). Ruqayyah bint Ali ibn Abu Talib was the daughter of Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abu Talib with his wife Sahba’ bintRabi’a al-Taghlibiyya. Ruqayah bint Ali was the half-sister of Al-Abbas ibn Ali and also the wife of Muslim ibn Aqeel (emissary of third Shi’a Imam Husayn ibn Ali to Kufah). Others are said to be Muslim ibn Aqil’s sister and daughters. It is said that these ladies came here after the event of the battle of Karbala on the 10th day of the month of Muharram in 61 AH (October 10, AD 680).

Tomb of Asif Khan

The Tomb of Asif Khan is a 17th Century mausoleum located in Shahdara Bagh, in the city of Lahore, Punjab. It was built for the Mughal statesman Mirza Abul Hassan Jah, who was titled Asif Khan. Asif Khan was brother of Nur Jahan, and brother-in-law to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Asif Khan’s tomb is located adjacent to the Tomb of Jahangir, and near the Tomb of Nur Jahan. Asif Khan’s tomb was built in a Central Asian architectural style, and stands in the centre of a Persian-style Charbagh garden.

Tomb of Jahangir

The Tomb of Jahangir is a 17th century mausoleum built for the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. The mausoleum dates from 1637, and is located in Shahdara Bagh in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, along the banks of the Ravi River. The site is famous for its interiors that are extensively embellished with frescoes and marble, and its exterior that is richly decorated with pietra dura. The tomb, along with the adjacent Akbari Sarai and the Tomb of Asif Khan, are part of an ensemble currently on the tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage status.


Badshahi Masjid

The Badshahi Masjid is a Mughal era masjid in Lahore, capital of the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The mosque is located west of Lahore Fort along the outskirts of the Walled City of Lahore, and is widely considered to be one of Lahore’s most iconic landmarks. Badshahi Masjid was commissioned by emperor Aurangzeb in 1671, with construction that continued for two years until 1673. This most famous place of Lahore City is an important example of Mughal architecture, with an exterior that is decorated with carved red sandstone with marble inlay. It remains the largest and most recent of the grand imperial mosques of the Mughal era, and is the second-largest mosque in Pakistan. After the fall of the Mughal Empire, it was used as a garrison by the Sikh Empire and the British Empire, and is now one of Pakistan’s most iconic sights.

Masjid Wazir Khan

Masjid Wazir Khan is 17th Century masjid located in the city of Lahore. It was commissioned during the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as part of an ensemble of buildings that also included the nearby Shahi Hammam. Construction of Wazir Khan Mosque began in 1634 CE, and was completed in 1641. Considered to be the most ornately decorated Mughal era mosque, Masjid Wazir Khan is renowned for its intricate faience tile work known as kashi-kari, as well as its interior surfaces that are almost entirely embellished with elaborate Mughal era frescoes. It has been under extensive restoration since 2009 under the direction of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture and Government of the Punjab, with contributions from the governments of Germany, Norway, and the United States.

Grand Jamia Masjid

Grand Jamia Masjid Lahore is a mosque located in Bahria Town, Lahore, Pakistan. With a capacity of 70,000 worshippers, it is the third largest mosque in Pakistan and the seventh largest mosque in the world. Designed by Nayyar Ali Dada, it was inaugurated on Eid-ul-Adha on October 06, 2014. It can accommodate 25,000 worshipers indoors, while the courtyard and corridor leading to the main halls of worship can accommodate a total of 70,000. The architecture is influenced by Badshahi Masjid, Masjid Wazir Khan and Sheikh Zayed Masjid, with construction costs of over 4 billion rupees (or approximately $39 million). The structure comprises four minarets, each 165 ft. tall, and a grand dome, which is surrounded by 20 smaller domes. The exterior is surfaced with 4 million handmade Multani tiles. The interior is decorated with custom-made carpets imported from Turkey and over 50 chandeliers imported from Iran. One of the floors consists of an Islamic heritage museum displaying rare Quranic collections, an Islamic library and also an Islamic art gallery with various antique artifacts. Over four million Multani handcrafted mosaic tiles cover the surface area of this masjid.

Geographical Boundaries of Lahore


Lahore District is comprised of five (05) tehsils:

Lahore Cantt

Lahore City

Model Town




Lahore is divided into nine zones listed as below:




Aziz Bhatti

Data Ganj Bakhsh







Lahore Industry:

Lahore Industry is a web portal through which you can find all the desired information of top business entities in one place with filtered search results. Almost all sorts of business and industries are registered here comprising but not limited to Textiles, Chemicals, auto parts, electric appliances, machinery, food, restaurants, plastic and pvc etc. retailers based on Lahore.Lahore Industry is a complete business directory featuring all information that can come handy to access the top industries in the premises. The businesses can also registered to this web portal with huge traffic audience and business outreach.

General Services:

Travel Agency

Medicine And Drugs

Software Developers

Custom Clearing A…

Lahore printing

Plastic Products

Major Issues of Lahore:

Air Pollution

Contaimnated  Food


Rising Pollution

Traffic Jams

Wall Chalking

Prevention Methods:

 Drive your car less.

Keep your car in good repair.

Turn off your engine.

Don’t burn your garbage.

Limit backyards fire in the city.

Plant and care for trees

Switch to electric or hand-powered lawn equipment.

Use less energy.

How can housing shortage overcome?

Institutional Finance for Housing.

Village Housing Scheme.

Research and Development.

Rural House-Site-cum-House Construction Scheme.

Prevent lack of education.

Reduce the Cost of Education. Several African countries have abolished their school fees. 

School Lunch Programs. It’s been proven that malnourished children learn poorly.

Educating Parents.

A New Educational Model.

Improved Resources for Teachers.


This past month, Lahore, Pakistan, has repeatedly topped the daily ranking of most polluted city in the world. Pollution and winter weather conditions combine to shroud the city in smog—disrupting flights, causing major road closures, and wreaking havoc on the health of its citizenry. The main lack in Lahore is their bad health, inadequate housing and lack of education.